HIGHLIGHTS OF CHOIR HISTORY 1914 - 2018
by Margaret Ibbott, CPC
Composers, conductors, presidents, soloists, orchestras, concert halls, performance highlights.
Taken from programmes and from ‘Croydon Philharmonic Society - Forty Years of Singing 1914-1954’ by Henry A. Sharp, F.L.A. a Vice-President of the Society.
The first President of The Croydon Sacred Harmonic Society in 1914 was Alderman Sir Reuben Barrow.
The first President of the new Philharmonic Society in 1919 was Alderman Howard Houlder.
In 1927 the President was Mr. Alderman G. J. Allen and the 16 Vice-Presidents included Sir Edward German and were headed by His Worship the Mayor of Croydon.
In 1943 there were two Patrons, The Mayor and the Bishop of Croydon, and the President was H.C.L. Fisher.
In 1951 the Vice-Presidents included Sir Adrian Boult, Sir George Dyson, Dr. Ralph Vaughan Williams and 3 bishops (Bath and Wells, Lichfield and Lincoln).
In1965 H. C. L. Fisher was the President; by 1970 The Bishop of Croydon, the Rt. Rev. J. T. Hughes; by 1980 E. Wulstan Atkins (a godson of Edward Elgar); 2002 Owain Arwel Hughes; 2008 Crispian Steele-Perkins.
Other Vice-Presidents have included Sir Arthur Bliss, Miss Elizabeth Maconchy, (from whom we commissioned Heloise and Abelarde in 1979), Mrs. Ursula Vaughan Williams, widow of the composer, and of course Erica Eloff since 2008.
Founder Alan Kirby 1914 – 1957 (granted the freedom of the borough of Croydon in 1957).
Myers Foggin 1957 – 1973 (CBE in 1974).
James Gaddarn 1973 – 1999
David Gibson 1999 –
Between 1914 and 1953 there were 9 accompanists, listed in ‘Forty Years of Singing’.
Christina Ward 1953 - 1971
Ian le Grice 1971 -
We have performed under:
1931 Elgar conducting us in The Dream of Gerontius.
1933 Elgar conducting us in a performance of The Apostles.
Mr. later Sir Adrian Boult in 1934 and 1955
Sir George Dyson in 1938 and 1950
Dr. later Sir Malcolm Sargent in 1939 in the Royal Albert Hall, in 1951 in the Royal Festival Hall, and
in the Promenade concerts of1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961 and 1963. NB We performed Elgar’s
Gerontius at the 1957, 58 and 59 concerts.
Vaughan Williams in 1945, in the first performance of his ‘Thanksgiving for Victory’, a Promenade Concert in The Royal Albert Hall.
Sir Thomas Beecham in 1946 and 1952
Sir John Barbirolli in 1953 and 1956, both at the RFH, and in 1958 at the RAH.
Sir Arthur Bliss in 1955 in the first performance of his The Olympians, conducted by the composer at the Royal Festival Hall, a Royal Command Performance.
Sir David Willcox in 1977 for the Queen’s Silver Jubilee in the Royal Albert Hall (650 singers) and in 1995 for the 50th anniversary celebrations of V.E. Day in Hyde Park, in the presence of the Queen and visiting Heads of State. (11 choirs )
SOLOISTS: Our President, Crispian Steele-Perkins has performed with us 6 times since 2008, and Erica Eloff, one of our Vice-Presidents, has sung with us 16 times since 2007. Particularly famous names from the past include Isobel Baillie (10 times between 1928 and 1950); Heddle Nash (5 times between 1931 and 1950); Kathleen Ferrier in 1946 and 1948, Elizabeth Schwarzkopf in 1956, Owen Brannigan, Webster Booth, Roy Henderson, Helen Watts, John Carol-Case, Anthony Rolfe Johnson and Willard White in 1989, who sang Gerontius. Also Dame Myra Hess in 1954 and Nina Milkina in 1979, pianists.
The Queen’s Hall in 1934 (the choir’s London debut) and 1937, the year in which the choir was described by Constant Lambert as ‘a fine body of singers’, ‘the year that saw the choir placed firmly on the musical map of London’. (Forty Years of Singing). (The Queen’s Hall was the home of the Promenade Concerts until the war, when it was bombed).
In 1946 the choir was described as ‘the best choir in the south-east of England’.
The Royal Albert Hall between 1939 and 2006 23 times, sometimes singing with other choirs and including 13 Promenade Concerts and 5 Festivals of Remembrance.
The Royal Festival Hall between 1951 (when we sang at the opening concert, the only choir outside London to be invited) and 1997 16 times.
The Cadogan Hall in 2010 and 2014.
1937 The first performance of Vaughan Williams’ Five Tudor Portraits. A studio broadcast, and it was broadcast overseas the next day.
1944 ‘The Apostles’ – the last part broadcast. The Musical Times critic deemed the choir ‘one to belong to the whole country rather than a suburb’.
1945 ‘The Apostles’, the whole work broadcast.
1946 35 members joined the BBC to make a carol recording for broadcast to North America.
1953 An invitation by the BBC for a studio performance of ‘The Apostles’.
1954 Male voices were invited by the Nixa Record Co. to take part in a recording of Brahms’ Alto Rhapsody with Monica Sinclair.
1998 On Nov. 9th we recorded ‘Songs of Praise’ for the BBC for broadcast on Nov. 22nd.
2010 Nov. 21st, we recorded ‘Friday Night is Music Night’ for the BBC.
Vaughan Williams’ Five Tudor Portraits (1937), Sir George Dyson’s Canterbury Pilgrims (1938),
conducted by the composer, Vaughan Williams’ Thanksgiving for Victory (1945), conducted by the
composer, Sir Arthur Bliss’ The Olympians’ (1955), conducted by the composer, Elizabeth
Maconchy’s Eloise and Abelarde (1979), commissioned by the Croydon Philharmonic Choir, and in
1989 Anton Tucapsky’s Stabat Mater also commissioned by the choir.
IN THE PRESENCE OF ROYALTY
1955, November, the St.Cecilia Day concert in the Royal Festival Hall in the presence of the Queen.
1981 Jan. 31st. Royal Gala Performance in the presence of H.R.H. Princess Alexandra.
In aid of the Spinal Injuries Association. Five choirs. Conductor James Gaddarn. Royal Albert Hall.
1995 May 7th. Ceremony of Peace and Reconciliation in Hyde Park in the presence of Her Majesty the Queen. (11 choirs, conducted by Sir David Willcocks).
1997 July 4th The Royal Silver Jubilee Celebrations at the R.A.H. in the presence of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.
2012 Nov. 3rd Fairfield at 50: A Beethoven Gala in the presence of the Duke of York
All five Festivals of Remembrance in the presence of the Queen and other members of the royal family.
The first performance of the Free Churches in Croydon was of ‘Messiah’ on December 2nd, 1914 in the Congregational Church, Aberdeen Road, South Croydon. There were 70 singers, and the performances yielded a profit of £25 which was handed over to the Mayor of Croydon’s branch of the Belgian Relief Fund. Despite the war, it was decided to form a permanent choir, The Croydon Sacred Harmonic Society, whose first performance was ‘Elijah’ in 1915 in the Parish Church (now the Minster). Chorus and members of the London Symphony Orchestra together numbered 120. In 1919 the choir became The Croydon Philharmonic Society.
First performances were in the North End Hall, (later called The Civic Hall). After the war the choir used the Baths Hall. ‘It was quite the most uncomfortable and uninspiring hall imaginable. It consisted of a bare building with a wooden floor laid over the top of a bath. The society hired sufficient chairs for this space, and the committee spent the whole morning of the concert day dusting the chairs and arranging them and numbering them to agree with the seating plan. Table tops and trestles sufficient to seat an orchestra of 50 were hired from a caterer and nailed together by a member who was, fortunately for the choir, a builder. Timber of all descriptions was collected and transformed into tiering for the choir. A full rehearsal in the afternoon and a concert in the evening completed a day which was decidedly strenuous for some members……All this continued for several seasons’. (Forty Years of Singing). Later the choir performed again in the Civic Hall on Crown Hill, or in the Davis Theatre, ‘a vast arena, huge performing spaces’. On Good Friday in 1946 the choir performed The Messiah in the Davis Theatre to an audience of 3000. It was in the High Street, just south of Wrencote, where Leon House now is. Both halls were later demolished.
During the war performances were given in the afternoons to avoid air raids and the blackout which was in place.
We were present in Fairfield for the acoustics test in 1962 and from then on our regular concerts were given there. The hall is famous for its excellent acoustics. It seats 1550 audience and 250 choir, and we could get good audiences, and even gave 2 Christmas concerts each year, one at 3pm and one at 7.45, initially with a host from the world of entertainment, perhaps a soloist, and later with the participation of bands or choirs from local schools. At Christmas in 1983, the choir was joined by the children of Park Hill School, conducted by Gwen Rabinowitz, who is still singing with our altos. The two Christmas concerts were reduced to one in 1998. But the hall was hugely expensive, (around £7000) and despite sponsorship from The Drummond Centre, the National Westminster Bank, John Lewis Partnership, Catherine Johnstone Recruitment and other companies, the shrinking audience size meant it was no longer possible to give regular concerts there. Support from the borough had ceased in 1996. Our last concert there as a regular venue was in November 2007, when Erica Eloff first sang with us and the choir numbered 100.
Since then we have sung in various local churches, and have established a pattern of joining David Gibson’s choir in Basingstoke each year, singing in Basingstoke, Winchester Cathedral, or Guildford Cathedral. Our Christmas concerts have become more intimate and informal, and the tradition of serving mulled wine and mince pies was started. Likewise we started to serve refreshments at our other concerts.
Rehearsals were initially held in the Bedford Hall in West Croydon. By 1972 rehearsals were being held in the hall of St. Peter’s Church, Ledbury Road, South Croydon. In 1993 we moved to Croham Road Baptist Church, South Croydon. In 2007 we moved to St. Matthew’s Church, Chichester Road, East Croydon
Performances are usually under our conductors’ ensembles, the London Orpheus Orchestra under James Gaddarn and the New London Sinfonia under David Gibson. But we have also performed with The London Philharmonic, The Royal Philharmonic, The English Symphony, The English Chamber, The New Queen’s Hall Orchestra and The Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra. We have performed with The London Mozart Players (who are based in Croydon) at least 6 times.
The choir started with a membership of 70, and by 1935 it numbered 170. In 1954 the membership had reached 188. In March 1979 we were up to 209, in the early 80s around 175, in March 1984 back up to 221. There is an information gap between then and 1993 when numbers were down to around 140. They hovered between 140 (rarely) and 120 for the next 12 years. For David’s inaugural concert in November 1999 we were 137. The drop continued. In 2006 we were down to 105, and for our final concert in the Fairfield Hall on Nov. 17th 2007 we were only 100 and audiences were small. From 2009 we were down to between 80 and 90. We were at our smallest in June 2013 with 75 members, and up to 98 in June 2015.
Our founder, Alan Kirby, died in 1959 and left the choir £5000. On the death of his widow, Ethel Kirby in 2005 (who accompanied the choir in the early years and later was the chorus secretary for many years) the choir received half the value of her house.
TICKET PRICES in 1953 were 7/6d, 6/-, 5/-, 3/6d, 2/6d. In 1975-75 they were £1.50, £1.25, £1.00, 80p, 50p. In 1978 they were £2.50, £2.25, £2.00, £1.75, £1.50.